آسیب شناسی شرط‌بندی‌ مجازی فوتبال و راهکارهای پیشگیری از آن

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشیار مدیریت ورزشی، دانشکده تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه علامه طباطبائی، تهران، ایران

2 دانشجوی دکتری مدیریت ورزشی، دانشکده تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه علامه طباطبائی، تهران، ایران

چکیده

روش تحقیق حاضر از نوع کیفی، با رویکرد پدیدارشناسی میباشد. جامعه شرکت کنندگان، شامل افراد فعال در شرط بندی های مجازی فوتبال بودند که ابتدا به صورت هدفمند و سپس به صورت گلوله برفی انتخاب شدند. مصاحبه ها تا رسیدن به اشباع نظری ادامه یافت و نهایتا با 19 نفر انجام شد. برای تحلیل داده های تحقیق از روش تحلیل مضمون (تماتیک) استفاده شد. یافته ها نشان داد که در بخش آثار شرکت در شرط بندی، مقوله های اصلی به دو بخش آثار مطلوب و آثار نامطلوب تقسیم بندی شد. آثار مطلوب شرط بندی در ورزش شامل پرکردن اوقات فراغت و بهبود وضعیت روحی-  روانی و آثار نامطلوب دارای ابعاد فردی و اجتماعی است. در مولفه علل گرایش به شرط بندی مقوله های آزمون شانس، محرک های محیطی و بهبود وضعیت روحی تعیین شد. مقوله آزمون شانس شامل دستیابی به منافع مادی و بهره برداری از شانس، محرک های محیطی شامل تبلیغات جذاب و توصیه اطرافیان، بهبود وضعیت روحی - روانی شامل تجارب متفاوت تفریحی و رفع ناراحتی های روحی است. در مقوله راه کارهای کاهش آسیب های شرط بندی مقوله های نظارت و کنترل، آموزش رسانه ای و توانمندسازی روانی تعریف شدند. نظارت و کنترل شامل نظارت خانواده و سازمان ها، آموزش رسانه ای شامل اطلاع رسانی و فرهنگ سازی و نهایتا توانمندسازی روانی شامل فراهم کردن تفریحات و ارائه مشاوره های تخصصی است. برای کاهش آسیب های شرط بندی، سازمان های متولی باید به راهکارهای پیشگیرانه برای مقابله با عوارض منفی این پدیده توجه کنند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Analyzing the threats of online football betting and its prevention strategies

نویسندگان [English]

  • sara keshkar 1
  • fazaeil javid 2
  • hosein bahadoor 2
1 Associate Professor of Sport Management, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport sciences, Allameh Tabataba’i university, Tehran, Iran
2 PhD. student in sport management Faculty of Physical Education and Sport sciences, Allameh Tabataba’i university, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

The aim of this study was to analyze the threats of online football betting and provide solutions to reduce these threats. The research method was qualitative and using the phenomenological approach. The statistical population of the study consisted of people with more than one-year participation in online football betting. Snowball sampling was applied and 19 interviews were conducted. The interviews continued until theoretical saturation was reached. Thematic analysis method was used for analyzing data. Findings showed that for each research question, some themes were identified. Data analyzing in the section of the betting effects showed that the themes were divided into two sections: positive and negative effects. The positive effects of betting in sports include leisure enrichment and improving the mental state and the negative effects includes individual and social aspects. In the component of the causes of the tendency to betting in sports, the themes of luck trying, environmental stimuli and mood improvement were determined. In the category of strategies to reduce betting threats, themes of monitoring and control, education through media and psychological empowerment were defined. In order to reduce the threats of betting, it is necessary for the responsible organizations to pay attention to preventive strategies to deal.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • betting
  • online
  • sport
  • threats
  • Prevention
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