بررسی نقش ویژگی های شخصیتی در روحیه کارآفرینی دانشجویان رشته تحصیلی علوم ورزشی

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 گروه تربیت‌بدنی و علوم ورزشی، ، دانشکده تربیت بدنی، دانشگاه اصفهان، اصفهان، ایران

2 گروه مدیریت ورزشی، دانشکده علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه مازندران، مازندران، ایران

چکیده

هدف از انجام این تحقیق بررسی نقش ویژگی­ های شخصیتی در روحیه کارآفرینی دانشجویان تربیت ­بدنی بود. جامعه آماری متشکل از کلیه دانشجویان درحال تحصیل مقطع تحصیلات تکمیلی رشته تربیت ­بدنی در دانشگاه­ های استان مازندران بود. حجم نمونه آماری بر اساس جدول مورگان تعداد 248 نفر تعیین، که برای جلوگیری از خطا 250 نفر انتخاب شدند و روش نمونه ­گیری به­صورت نمونه ­های دردسترس بوده ­است. ابزار پژوهش پرسشنامه محقق­ ساخته و تعدیل­ شده ارزیابی ویژگی­های شخصیتی کارآفرینان ایرانی Kordnaiej & et al (2006) و ارزیابی مهارت‌های کارآفرینی افراد Moghimi (2006) بود که پس از بررسی و تعدیل و انتقال به حوزه مربوطه تحقیق، تأیید روایی صوری و محتوا با نظرخواهی 15 نفر از استادان دانشگاهی متخصص در این زمینه، هم­چنین تعیین پایایی با استفاده از فرمول آلفای کرونباخ (86/0=α) مورد استفاده قرار گرفت. داده­های پرسشنامه­های برگشتی قابل­قبول توسط نرم­افزار SPSS نسخه 22 با استفاده از آزمون­­های کلموگروف - اسمیرنوف، ضریب همبستگی پیرسون و تحلیل رگرسیون خطی تحلیل شدند. نتایج نشان داد که بین مهارت کارآفرینی با تمامی ابعاد شناختی دانشجویان تحصیلات تکمیلی رابطه معنادار وجود داشته و نتایج تحلیل رگرسیون تاثیر این ویزگی­ ها را بر مهارت کارآفرینی پیش­بینی کرد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Investigating the role of personality traits in entrepreneurship spirit of Sports Science students

نویسندگان [English]

  • mina javanmard 1
  • farzam farzan 2
1 Department of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Faculty of Physical Education, University of Isfahan, Isfahan, Iran
2 Department of Sports Management, Faculty of Sports Sciences, Mazandaran University, Mazandaran, Iran
چکیده [English]

The purpose of this research is to investigate the role of personality traits in the entrepreneurial spirit of Sports Science students. The data gathering tool was a researcher-made and adjusted questionnaire assessing the personality traits of the Iranian entrepreneurs belongs to Kordanij in 2006 and assessing the entrepreneurial skills of individuals belongs to Moghimi in 2006, The two questionnaires were combined for use in this study. That After reviewing and modifying and transferring to the field of research, validation of validity (with a survey of 15 professors of the university specializing) and reliability determination by Cronbach's alpha (α = 0.86) was used. The data of acceptable return questionnaire were analyzed by SPSS software version 22 using Kolmogorov-Smirnov tests and linear regression analysis. the sampling method was available as samples. The statistical population consisted of all students undergoing postgraduate physical education, there were about 700 people in three fields of sports management, sports physiology and sports biomechanics in the universities of Mazandaran province. The sample size was determined on the basis of Krejcie and Morgan's table of 248 people. To prevent the error, 250 people were selected. The results showed that there is a significant relationship between entrepreneurial spirit with Personality traits of risk-taking, center of internal control, success, intellectual health, tolerance of ambiguity, dreaming, challenge, pragmatism have a positive and significant effect on entrepreneurial spirit.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Entrepreneurial spirit
  • Personality traits
  • Sports Science students
Alimardani, M., farahani, A., & Ghasemi, H. (2015). The Relationship between Organizational Culture and Organizational Entrepreneurship in Head Office of Sport and Youth, Qom province. Applied Research in Sport Management, 1 (4): 25-34. (Persian).
Baghersad, V. (2015). Technical and Vocational University. Karafan the scientific semi-annual, 36: 20-32. (Persian).
Ball, S. (2005). The importance of entrepreneurship to hospitality, leisure, sport and tourism. Hospitality, Leisure, Sport and Tourism Network, 1: 1-14.
Boroumand, M. R., Hemmatinezhad, M., Ramezani nezhad, R., & Razavi, M. H. (2011). Designing a Strategic Employment Model for Iranian Physical Education and Sports Science Graduates. The 6th National Conference on Sport Sciences and Physical Education Iran. (Persian).
Ciletti, D., & Chadwick, S. (2012). Sports Entrepreneurship: Theory and Practice. Fitness Information Technology, 12: 1-20.
Davari, A., Manouchehri Rad, R., Rahmani, R., & Ghavami, A. (2016). A comparative study of entrepreneurship education policy making areas. Quarterly Journal of Research and Planning in Higher Education (4)22: 1-24. (Persian).
Farahani, A., Ghasemi, H., & Mohammadi, N. (2014). The study of Environmental factors affecting the entrepreneurial spirit of student’s graduate in Physical Education. Applied Research of Sport Management, 2 (3): 47-61. (Persian).
Freytag, A., & Thurik, R. (2007). Entrepreneurship and its determinants in a cross-country setting. Journal of Evolutionary Economics, 17 (2), 117–131.
Ghorbani, M. H., & Vahdani, M. (2017). Designing a model of competences of entrepreneurs Iran’s sports industry. Sport management review, 39: 205-228. (Persian).
Heidarzadeh Jazi, b. (2015). Sports Entrepreneurship: A New Approach in Sports Management. The first national conference on new research findings in sports science in the field of health, social vitality, entrepreneurship and championship. (Persian).
Hekmatandish, A. (2014). Fundamentals of Entrepreneurship. Qom: Hasht Kitab Publishing. (Persian).
Hosseini, S. J., & Ahmadi, H. (2011). Affective Factors contributing to entrepreneurial attitudes of university students in Iran. Annals of Biological Research, 2 (2): 6371-. Retrieved from: http:// Scholarsresearchlibrary.Com/archived.html/. (Persian).
Hossein Nejad, R. (2013). Entrepreneurship Development. First Edition, University Jihad Publications. (Persian).
Kashani, T., Rasouli, M., & Soleimanpour, M. R. (2017). Examine the factors affecting entrepreneurial skills of agricultural students in technical and vocational university of Tehran. Journal of agricultural extension and education research, 10 (1) (37): 53-63. (Persian).
Khodayi Mahmoudi, R., Bohloli, N., & Ghanima, P. (2013). Investigating the relationship between personality traits and psychology (traits) with entrepreneurship. the Journal of Productivity Management (25) 7: 127-141. (Persian).
Kordnaiej, A., Zali, M, R., & Nasiri Vahed, N. (2006). Organizational Entrepreneurship: A Study of Factors Related to Innovation in the Organization. The first national conference on entrepreneurship management, February 16 and 17. (Persian).
Krajnc, D., & Glavic, P. (2005). How to compare companies on relevant dimensions of sustainability? Ecological Economics, 55 (4): 551-563.
Marco, C., Frank, F., & Alexander, K. (2010). The impact of risk attitudes on entrepreneurial survival. Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization. 76 (1): 45-63.
Mardanshahi, M. M. (2014). A review on the level of creativity and risk-taking of agriculture fields: Case study, Sari university of agriculture sciences and natural resources. Innovation and creativity in human, 3: 1-21. (Persian).
Mazini, A, H., & Ghorbani, S. (2019). Investigating the trend and nature of real exchange rate deviation in the Iranian economy. Economic Research, 54 (1): 173-207. doi: 10.22059 / jte.2019.247119.1007776. (Persian).
Melissa, S. C., Christopher, E. S., & Ryland, P. (2011). Misfortunes or mistakes? Cultural sense making of entrepreneurial failure. Journal of Business Venturing, 26 (1): 79-92.
Moghimi, S, M. (2006). Investigating the relationship between organizational citizenship behavior. Scientific Journal of Organizational Culture Management, 4 (3): 171-192. (Persian).
Mondalizade, Z., Ehsani, M., & Honari, H. (2017). Developing Sustainable Entrepreneurship Model in Sport Based on the Grounded Theory. Journal of Sport Management, 5: 709-725. (Persian).
Morgana, J. (2016). Aspiring to succeed: A model of entrepreneurship and fear of failure. Journal of Business Venturing, 31 (1): 1–21.
Moshabbaki, A., Tabarbaee, M. A., & Shayganfard, Z. (2012). The relationship between emotional intelligence and entrepreneurship among MA students. Innovation in management education (Journal of modern thoughts in education), 2 (26): 7-17. (Persian).
Mozayani, A. (2017). Pathology of attracting university graduates to the labor market with emphasis on the role of science and technology parks. Iranian higher education, 2: 15-45. (Persian).
Naghizadeh, H., Kotobi, F., & Keshtidar, M. (2015). The prioritization and determine the relationship between spiritual entrepreneurial experts’ sports federations. Sport Management Studies, 28: 55-70. (Persian).
Nemati, M. A. (2014). Investigating the entrepreneurial personality traits of studentsTehran State Universities. Quarterly Journal of Innovation and Entrepreneurship, 1 (3): 47-64. (Persian).
Nowruzzadeh, R., & Rezaei, N. (2010). Effective incentives and deterrents in the entrepreneurial spirit from the perspective of students of agricultural applied science higher education centers. Agricultural Education Management Research, (12): 75-90.
Oded, G., & Stelios, M. (2012). Evolution and the growth process: Natural selection of entrepreneurial traits. Journal of Economic Theory, 147 (2): 759–780. (Persian).
Porghasem, F., Heydari, H., & Alibeigi, A. H. (2011). Implications of rural entrepreneurship on the path of development. National Conference on Entrepreneurship, cooperation, economic jihad. Islamic Azad University, Nain Branch. (Persian).
Sanchez, J. C., Carballo, T., & Gutierrez, A. (2011). The entrepreneur from a cognitive approach. Psicothema 2011. 23 (3): 433-438.
Schlesinger, T., Studer, F., & Nagel, S. (2016). The relationship between competencies acquired through Swiss academic sports science courses and the job requirements. European Journal of Sport Science, 16 (1): 115-27.
Sharif, M., Jamshidian, A., Rahimi, H., & Naderi, N. (2011). Analysis of the status of entrepreneurship education in higher education in Iran. Journal of entrepreneurship development, (11) 3: 87-106. (Persian).
Shepherd, D. A., Covin, J. G., & Kuratko, D. F. (2009). Project failure from corporate entrepreneurship: Managing the grief process. Journal of Business Venturing, 24 (6): 588–600.
Shirokovaa, G., Osiyevskyyb, O., & Bogatyrevaa, K. (2015). Exploring the intention-behavior link in student entrepreneurship: Moderating effects of individual and environmental characteristics. European Management Journal. 24 (12): 15-32.
Smallbone, D. Welter, F., & Voytovich A. (2010). Government and entrepreneurship in transition economies: The case of small frims in business services in Ukraine. The Service Industries Journal, 30 (5): 655-670.
Wright, R., & Etemad, H. (2009). Globalization and Entrepreneurship: A Shahhosseini. First Edition, Tehran: ayiizh Publishers.
Yazdanpanah, M., & Zobeidi, T. (2017). Impact of entrepreneurial characteristics on entrepreneurial intentions: a case study of Khouzestan Ramin University. Quarterly Journal of Research and Planning in Higher Education, 23 (2): 115-131. (Persian).
Alimardani, M., farahani, A., & Ghasemi, H. (2015). The Relationship between Organizational Culture and Organizational Entrepreneurship in Head Office of Sport and Youth, Qom province. Applied Research in Sport Management, 1 (4): 25-34. (Persian).
Baghersad, V. (2015). Technical and Vocational University. Karafan the scientific semi-annual, 36: 20-32. (Persian).
Ball, S. (2005). The importance of entrepreneurship to hospitality, leisure, sport and tourism. Hospitality, Leisure, Sport and Tourism Network, 1: 1-14.
Boroumand, M. R., Hemmatinezhad, M., Ramezani nezhad, R., & Razavi, M. H. (2011). Designing a Strategic Employment Model for Iranian Physical Education and Sports Science Graduates. The 6th National Conference on Sport Sciences and Physical Education Iran. (Persian).
Ciletti, D., & Chadwick, S. (2012). Sports Entrepreneurship: Theory and Practice. Fitness Information Technology, 12: 1-20.
Davari, A., Manouchehri Rad, R., Rahmani, R., & Ghavami, A. (2016). A comparative study of entrepreneurship education policy making areas. Quarterly Journal of Research and Planning in Higher Education (4)22: 1-24. (Persian).
Farahani, A., Ghasemi, H., & Mohammadi, N. (2014). The study of Environmental factors affecting the entrepreneurial spirit of student’s graduate in Physical Education. Applied Research of Sport Management, 2 (3): 47-61. (Persian).
Freytag, A., & Thurik, R. (2007). Entrepreneurship and its determinants in a cross-country setting. Journal of Evolutionary Economics, 17 (2), 117–131.
Ghorbani, M. H., & Vahdani, M. (2017). Designing a model of competences of entrepreneurs Iran’s sports industry. Sport management review, 39: 205-228. (Persian).
Heidarzadeh Jazi, b. (2015). Sports Entrepreneurship: A New Approach in Sports Management. The first national conference on new research findings in sports science in the field of health, social vitality, entrepreneurship and championship. (Persian).
Hekmatandish, A. (2014). Fundamentals of Entrepreneurship. Qom: Hasht Kitab Publishing. (Persian).
Hosseini, S. J., & Ahmadi, H. (2011). Affective Factors contributing to entrepreneurial attitudes of university students in Iran. Annals of Biological Research, 2 (2): 6371-. Retrieved from: http:// Scholarsresearchlibrary.Com/archived.html/. (Persian).
Hossein Nejad, R. (2013). Entrepreneurship Development. First Edition, University Jihad Publications. (Persian).
Kashani, T., Rasouli, M., & Soleimanpour, M. R. (2017). Examine the factors affecting entrepreneurial skills of agricultural students in technical and vocational university of Tehran. Journal of agricultural extension and education research, 10 (1) (37): 53-63. (Persian).
Khodayi Mahmoudi, R., Bohloli, N., & Ghanima, P. (2013). Investigating the relationship between personality traits and psychology (traits) with entrepreneurship. the Journal of Productivity Management (25) 7: 127-141. (Persian).
Kordnaiej, A., Zali, M, R., & Nasiri Vahed, N. (2006). Organizational Entrepreneurship: A Study of Factors Related to Innovation in the Organization. The first national conference on entrepreneurship management, February 16 and 17. (Persian).
Krajnc, D., & Glavic, P. (2005). How to compare companies on relevant dimensions of sustainability? Ecological Economics, 55 (4): 551-563.
Marco, C., Frank, F., & Alexander, K. (2010). The impact of risk attitudes on entrepreneurial survival. Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization. 76 (1): 45-63.
Mardanshahi, M. M. (2014). A review on the level of creativity and risk-taking of agriculture fields: Case study, Sari university of agriculture sciences and natural resources. Innovation and creativity in human, 3: 1-21. (Persian).
Mazini, A, H., & Ghorbani, S. (2019). Investigating the trend and nature of real exchange rate deviation in the Iranian economy. Economic Research, 54 (1): 173-207. doi: 10.22059 / jte.2019.247119.1007776. (Persian).
Melissa, S. C., Christopher, E. S., & Ryland, P. (2011). Misfortunes or mistakes? Cultural sense making of entrepreneurial failure. Journal of Business Venturing, 26 (1): 79-92.
Moghimi, S, M. (2006). Investigating the relationship between organizational citizenship behavior. Scientific Journal of Organizational Culture Management, 4 (3): 171-192. (Persian).
Mondalizade, Z., Ehsani, M., & Honari, H. (2017). Developing Sustainable Entrepreneurship Model in Sport Based on the Grounded Theory. Journal of Sport Management, 5: 709-725. (Persian).
Morgana, J. (2016). Aspiring to succeed: A model of entrepreneurship and fear of failure. Journal of Business Venturing, 31 (1): 1–21.
Moshabbaki, A., Tabarbaee, M. A., & Shayganfard, Z. (2012). The relationship between emotional intelligence and entrepreneurship among MA students. Innovation in management education (Journal of modern thoughts in education), 2 (26): 7-17. (Persian).
Mozayani, A. (2017). Pathology of attracting university graduates to the labor market with emphasis on the role of science and technology parks. Iranian higher education, 2: 15-45. (Persian).
Naghizadeh, H., Kotobi, F., & Keshtidar, M. (2015). The prioritization and determine the relationship between spiritual entrepreneurial experts’ sports federations. Sport Management Studies, 28: 55-70. (Persian).
Nemati, M. A. (2014). Investigating the entrepreneurial personality traits of studentsTehran State Universities. Quarterly Journal of Innovation and Entrepreneurship, 1 (3): 47-64. (Persian).
Nowruzzadeh, R., & Rezaei, N. (2010). Effective incentives and deterrents in the entrepreneurial spirit from the perspective of students of agricultural applied science higher education centers. Agricultural Education Management Research, (12): 75-90.
Oded, G., & Stelios, M. (2012). Evolution and the growth process: Natural selection of entrepreneurial traits. Journal of Economic Theory, 147 (2): 759–780. (Persian).
Porghasem, F., Heydari, H., & Alibeigi, A. H. (2011). Implications of rural entrepreneurship on the path of development. National Conference on Entrepreneurship, cooperation, economic jihad. Islamic Azad University, Nain Branch. (Persian).
Sanchez, J. C., Carballo, T., & Gutierrez, A. (2011). The entrepreneur from a cognitive approach. Psicothema 2011. 23 (3): 433-438.
Schlesinger, T., Studer, F., & Nagel, S. (2016). The relationship between competencies acquired through Swiss academic sports science courses and the job requirements. European Journal of Sport Science, 16 (1): 115-27.
Sharif, M., Jamshidian, A., Rahimi, H., & Naderi, N. (2011). Analysis of the status of entrepreneurship education in higher education in Iran. Journal of entrepreneurship development, (11) 3: 87-106. (Persian).
Shepherd, D. A., Covin, J. G., & Kuratko, D. F. (2009). Project failure from corporate entrepreneurship: Managing the grief process. Journal of Business Venturing, 24 (6): 588–600.
Shirokovaa, G., Osiyevskyyb, O., & Bogatyrevaa, K. (2015). Exploring the intention-behavior link in student entrepreneurship: Moderating effects of individual and environmental characteristics. European Management Journal. 24 (12): 15-32.
Smallbone, D. Welter, F., & Voytovich A. (2010). Government and entrepreneurship in transition economies: The case of small frims in business services in Ukraine. The Service Industries Journal, 30 (5): 655-670.
Wright, R., & Etemad, H. (2009). Globalization and Entrepreneurship: A Shahhosseini. First Edition, Tehran: ayiizh Publishers.
Yazdanpanah, M., & Zobeidi, T. (2017). Impact of entrepreneurial characteristics on entrepreneurial intentions: a case study of Khouzestan Ramin University. Quarterly Journal of Research and Planning in Higher Education, 23 (2): 115-131. (Persian).